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Impasto Effects
"3D" Brush Strokes
Written for Painter 5 and 6
by Jinny Brown  e-mail

copyright 1994 - 2001, Jinny Brown 

This demo/tutorial was originally written, using PAINTER 5, in response to an e-mail list discussion on ways to create an Impasto effect brush stroke, without using the Impasto plug-in from the P. Float section of the Objects palette. It's recently been updated to include translations for Painter 6 and expanded to be a full tutorial useable by a Painter beginner. Read through the entire tutorial before beginning. There are some handy keystroke shortcuts at the end that you might want to use, or at least begin to learn. Have a good time doing this tutorial. Clone painting opens up lots of new possibilities and this is just a small intro to what's in store for you later on.

Jinny
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The following two images are the before and after versions of a simple sky and cloud painting done in PAINTER 5. The first, Original Sky, is the Clone Source. The second, Clone of Original Sky, is the Clone on which sample brush strokes were painted. To create the illusion of thick paint, the Apply Surface Texture Effect was also used. Although the thick Impasto look can be achieved by other methods, especially in Painter 6 with its wide array of Impasto and Pattern Pen brushes, in this tutorial we'll use only a couple of methods.


Original Sky
1. Save the Original Sky image to your hard drive, then open it (the Clone Source) in Painter. If you prefer, use any image that's fairly simple in its coloring so you can easily see variety in your brush strokes.

2. In the File menu, choose Clone. A copy of the Clone Source image is created and Painter automatically names it, for instance, "Clone of Original Sky". 

3. In the File menu, choose Clone Source and check the Clone Source file name.

4. With the Clone active, in the Select menu, choose All (or Ctrl/Command-A).

5. In the Edit menu, choose Clear (or Ctrl/Command-X) to delete the image and leave the Canvas blank.

6. In the upper right corner of the Clone's image window, click the small grey and white icon just above the blue and white grid icon to turn on Tracing Paper and reveal a faint image of the Clone Source (the original image). 

Ctrl/Command-T = Toggles Tracing Paper Off/On

7. There are a couple of ways to set up for clone painting:

  • FIRST -  In the Brushes palette, choose the Cloners brush category from the Brush Popup list, then choose a brush variant from the Brush Variant Popup list just to the right of the Brush Popup list. (Notice that when you choose Cloners, in the Art Materials palette, Color section, the Clone Color box is checked.) In the Controls:Brushes palette, move the Size slider to set your brush size. Begin painting on the Clone and use Ctrl/Command-T to toggle the Tracing Paper off and on to get a better view of your painting.
  • SECOND - To use the methods demonstrated in the Clone of Original Sky image, refer to the settings for Upper Left Corner, Upper Right Corner, Lower Left Corner, Lower Right Corner, and Center of Image, listed below:
    UPPER LEFT CORNER
    • BRUSHES palette - Brush Popup list: Water Color, Brush Variant Popup list: Broad Water Brush, Method: Cloning, Method Subcategory: Grainy Hard Cover Cloning
    • CONTROLS:BRUSHES palette - Size: 2.7, Opacity: 29%, Grain: 58%
    • ART MATERIALS palette, PAPERS section, Basic Paper, Scale: default
    • EFFECTS menu, Surface Control,Apply Surface Texture - Using: Image Luminance, Softness: 1.1, Inverted: box unchecked, Amount: 100%, Other settings: default


    UPPER RIGHT CORNER

    • BRUSHES palette - Brush Popup list: Chalk, Brush Variant Popup list: Square Chalk, Method: Cloning, Method Subcategory: Grainy Hard Cover Cloning
    • CONTROLS:BRUSHES palette - Size: 14.3, Opacity: 100%, Grain: 12%
    • ART MATERIALS palette, PAPERS section, Basic Paper, Scale: default
    • EFFECTS menu, Surface Control, Apply Surface Texture - Using: Paper, 

    • Softness: 11.1, Inverted: box unchecked, Amount: 100%, Shine: 19%, Other settings: default
 

Clone of Original Sky
    LOWER LEFT CORNER
    • BRUSHES palette - Brush Popup list: Crayons, Brush Variant Popup list: Waxy Crayons, Method: Cloning, Method Subcategory: Grainy Soft Cover Cloning
    • CONTROLS:BRUSHES palette - Size: 8.6, Opacity: 62%, Grain: 9%
    • ART MATERIALS palette, Papers section, Pavement, Scale: default
    • EFFECTS menu, Surface Control, Apply Surface Texture - Using: Image Luminance, Softness: 0.0, Inverted: box unchecked, Amount: 200%, Other settings: default


    LOWER RIGHT CORNER

    • BRUSHES palette - Brush Popup list: Water Color, Brush Variant Popup list: Broad Water Brush, Method: Cloning, Method Subcategory: Soft Cover Cloning
    • CONTROLS:BRUSHES palette - Size: 5.4, Opacity: 29%, Grain: 58%
    • Art Materials palette, Papers section, Raw Silk, Scale: default
    • EFFECTS menu, Surface Control, Apply Surface Texture - Using: Image Luminance, Softness: 0.0, Inverted: box unchecked, Amount: 140%, Other settings: default


    CENTER OF IMAGE

    • BRUSHES palette - Brush Popup list: Cloners, Brush Variant Popup list: Melt Cloner, Method: Drip, Method Subcategory: Drip
    • CONTROLS:BRUSHES palette - Size: 9.0, Opacity: 100%, Grain: 22%
    • EFFECTS menu, Surface Control, Apply Surface Texture - Using: Original Luminance (this takes texture from the Clone Source or, if none is specified, the active Pattern), Softness: 0.0, Inverted: box unchecked, Amount: 99%, Other settings: default 

TIPS: If you don't have the specified brushes, experiment using other Brush categories and Brush settings. Brush Method Subcategories that have the word Grainy in their names pick up Paper texture as the brush is stroked over the Canvas. To control the amount of Paper texture picked up with each brush stroke, in the Controls:Brushes palette, move the Grain slider to the left to increase the amount of Paper texture, and to the right to decrease it.

Ctrl/Command-H = Toggles all palettes Open/Closed

The following keystrokes toggle individual palettes Open/Closed:
 

Ctrl/Command-1 = Tools
Ctrl/Command-2 = Brushes
Ctrl/Command-3 = Art Materials
Ctrl/Command-4 = Objects
Ctrl/Command-5 = Controls
Ctrl/Command-6 = Color Set
Painter 5: Ctrl/Command-7 = Objects:Floaters
Painter 6: Ctrl/Command-7 = Brush Controls

For a more convenient workspace, you can arrange your palettes just the way you like and, in the Windows menu, choose Arrange Palettes, Save Layout, give your palette layout a descriptive name and whenever things get messy, just go to the same menu item, find your palette layout listed at the bottom of the flyout menu, click its name and everything pops back into place. It's also convenient to save palette layouts for more than one kind of work, and give each an appropriate name. 

In Painter 5, there are a few ways to open, expand, and contract the palette sections. One is by clicking the section icons (Art MaterialsColor, Paper, Grad, Pattern, and Weave icons. Objects - P. Float, Floater, Mask, Script, and Net icons.) Another is to, expand and contract these palettes by clicking the small up or down pointing triangle in the center of each of the "push bars" (found in the Paper, Grad, Pattern, and Weave sections, as well as in the Brush Palette, just below the first row of icons appropriate to each section). A third way to expand or contract these palettes is to click the Maximize icon in the upper right corner of the palette. Sometimes clicking this icon will expand the palette to reveal parts of it that were not seen by just clicking the icons and/or push bars. Use all three methods to access all parts of the palettes and their sections. Click the name of the palette section to open its dropdown menu.

In Painter 6, dropdown menus are generally opened by clicking the small down pointing triangle in the upper right corner of each palette section (or at the right end of the closed palette's name bar). The palettes are opened and closed by clicking the small right pointing triangle in the upper left corner of each palette section (or at the left end of the closed palette's name bar). Click and drag the most used palette sections to the top of the stack and then click and drag the lower right corner of the palette upward to hide sections not in use. They'll open again whenever one of the palette sections is expanded but if you save your palette layout with the palettes minimized this way, the arrangement can easily be recalled whenever that's needed.

Happy Painting! :o)
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Jinny Brown, January 27, 2001
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e-mail
copyright 1994-2001, Jinny Brown
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